Recent advances in manufacturing books include the development of digital printing. The pages of the book are printed in the same way that a desktop copier works, using toner instead of ink. Each book is printed in one pass, not as separate companies. Digital printing allowed the production of much smaller quantities than offset, in part due to the lack of manufacturing and deterioration preparations. One would think of a press canvas that the 2000 print amounts, amounts from 250 to 2000, which are printed on presses, sheets and digital presses that make quantities less than 250. These figures are of course approximate And vary from supplier to supplier and book to book depending on their characteristics. Digital printing has opened the possibility of printing on demand, where none of the books are printed until after receiving a customer order.
In 2000, due to the increased availability of affordable portable computing devices, the ability to share texts through electronic media has become a more attractive option for media publishers. So, the fact was “e-book”. The term e-book is a contraction of “e-book”; It refers to a publication in book form in digital format. An e-book is generally available on the Internet, but also on CD-ROM and other forms. E-books can be read either by a computer or by a portable display device of books known as e-book reader like Sony Reader, Barnes & Noble Nook, Kobo or Amazon Kindle. These devices attempt to imitate the experience of reading a printed book.
The book design is the art of incorporating the content, style, format, design and sequence of the various components of a book into a coherent whole. In the words of Jan Tschichold, the conception of the book “but largely forgotten today, methods and rules on which it is impossible to improve have been developed over the centuries. To produce perfect books, these rules must be brought to life and implemented. Richard Hendel describes the design of these books as “an Arcane problem” and refers to the need for context to understand what that means. Many different creators can contribute to the design of books, including graphic designers, artists and publishers.
The size of a modern book is based on the printing area of a common flat press. The type pages have been arranged and fixed in a frame so that when printed on a sheet of full size paper the pages would be in the correct direction and in the order of the side when The sheet is folded and the edges are curved.
The most common sizes of books are:
Chamber (4): The sheet of paper is folded twice, forming four sheets (eight pages) approximately 11 to 13 inches (30 cm) high
Eighth (8th): the most common size for hardcover books in progress. The sheet is folded three times eight sheets (16 pages) to 9 ¾ “(about 23 cm) in height.
Twelve (12): a size between the eighth and 16Mo, up to 7 ¾ “(about 18 cm) high
Sextodecimo (16Mo): the sheet is folded four times, forming 16 sheets (32 pages) at 6 ¾ “(about 15 cm) high
16mo smaller than sizes are:
24Mo: up to 5 ¾ “(about 13 cm) high.
32Mo: up to 5 “(about 12 cm) high.
48Mo: up to 4 “(about 10 cm) high.
64Mo: up to 3 “(about 8 cm) high.
Small books can be called booklets.
Larger fourth sizes are:
Folio: up to 15 “(about 38 cm) high.
Folio Elephant: up to 23 “(about 58 cm) high.
Atlas Folio: up to 25 “(about 63 cm) high.
Double Folio Elephant: up to 50 “(about 127 cm) high.
The largest medieval manuscript existing in the world of the Codex Gigas 92 × 50 × 22 cm. The largest book is made of stone in the world and is located on the Kuthodaw Pagoda (Burma).